1815 - 1871 (55 years)
||Marcellin St. Vrain |
||14 Oct 1815
||Spanish Lake, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America
|FindAGrave Memorial #
||3 Mar 1871
||Center, Ralls, Missouri, United States of America
- Cause of Death: Suspected suicide.
||Salem Cemetery, Center, Ralls, Missouri, United States of America
||The Berry - Miller Family Tree
||9 Jul 2015 |
||Jacques Marcellin Ceran de Hault de Lassus de St. Vrain, b. 30 Mar 1770, Bouchain, Valenciennes, Nord, Nord Pas de Calais, France , d. 22 Jun 1818, Spanish Lake, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America (Age 48 years) |
||Marie Falicite Dubreuil, b. 2 Dec 1775, St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America , d. 6 Dec 1845, Florissant, Saint Louis, Missouri, United States of America (Age 70 years) |
||30 Apr 1796
||St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America
- Missouri Marriages, 1766-1983
Name: Jacques St. Vrain
Spouse: Marie F. C. Dubreuil
Marriage Date: 30 Apr 1796
Location: St. Louis
||Royal Red Cloud, b. 1826, Wyoming, United States of America , d. 12 Apr 1886, Trinidad, Las Animas, Colorado, United States of America (Age 60 years) |
||St. Vrain Fort, Platteville, Weld, Colorado, United States of America
| ||1. Felix St. Vrain, b. 17 Jun 1842, St. Vrain Fort, Platteville, Weld, Colorado, United States of America , d. 31 Dec 1863, New Jersey, United States of America (Age 21 years)|
|+||2. Charles St. Vrain, b. 17 Oct 1844, St. Vrain Fort, Platteville, Weld, Colorado, United States of America , d. 1935, Colorado, United States of America (Age 90 years)|
| ||3. Marie Louise St. Vrain, b. 9 Mar 1848, St. Vrain Fort, Platteville, Weld, Colorado, United States of America , d. 14 Feb 1917, Trinidad, Las Animas, Colorado, United States of America (Age 68 years)|
||10 Sep 2014 |
||Tall Pawnee Woman |
- At Bent's Fort, during the years 1845-1848, if not before, Marcellin had a second Indian wife known as Big Pawnee Woman, by whom he had two children.'
'Big Pawnee Woman went to Pueblo with her two children, and no more is known of her or the children.'
'French Fur Traders and Voyageurs in the American West', Written by Harvey L Carter of Colorado, Edited by LeRoy R. Hafen, published by the University of Nebraska Press.
||10 Sep 2014 |
||Elizabeth Jane Murphy, b. 29 Feb 1832, Indian Creek, Monroe, Missouri, United States of America , d. 4 Dec 1880, Missouri, United States of America (Age 48 years) |
1849 Marriage record for Elizabeth Jane Murphy and Marcellin St. Vrain.
|+||1. Isadora Celeste St. Vrain, b. 21 Nov 1851, Ralls, Missouri, United States of America , d. 18 Jul 1928, Francis, Pontotoc, Oklahoma, United States of America (Age 76 years)|
| ||2. Teresa Emma St. Vrain, b. 4 Jul 1854, Ralls, Missouri, United States of America , d. Apr 1873, Missouri, United States of America (Age 18 years)|
| ||3. Eugene William St. Vrain, b. 7 Mar 1856, Missouri, United States of America , d. 18 Sep 1929, Madisonville, Jasper, Ralls, Missouri, United States of America (Age 73 years)|
| ||4. Maria Felicity St. Vrain, b. 10 Aug 1858, Missouri, United States of America , d. 1 Mar 1928, Missouri, United States of America (Age 69 years)|
| ||5. Sarah Helen St. Vrain, b. 18 Apr 1860, Missouri, United States of America , d. 24 Jul 1862, Missouri, United States of America (Age 2 years)|
| ||6. Celess St. Vrain, b. 15 Apr 1863, Missouri, United States of America , d. 8 Sep 1941, Missouri, United States of America (Age 78 years)|
| ||7. Leona Ann St. Vrain, b. 31 Aug 1865, Missouri, United States of America |
| ||8. Paul Augustus St. Vrain, b. 16 Mar 1868, Missouri, United States of America , d. 11 Dec 1954, Mexico, Audrain, Missouri, United States of America (Age 86 years)|
| ||9. James Marcellin St. Vrain, b. 6 Jun 1871, Ralls, Missouri, United States of America , d. 12 Jun 1937, Butte, Silver Bow, Montana, United States of America (Age 66 years)|
|+||10. Elizabeth Zelena St. Vrain, b. 6 Jun 1871, Ralls, Missouri, United States of America , d. Feb 1899, Rocheport, Boone, Missouri, United States of America (Age 27 years)|
1850 US Census record for Elizabeth Jane Murphy and Marcellin St. Vrain. In residence are two labourers, John Meaekely (45) and Richard Rouse (14).
1860 United States of America Census for Elizabeth Jane Murphy and Marcellin St. Vrain and their children: Isadora, Teresa, William, Felicity and Helen.
1870 US Census record for the family of Elizabeth Jane Murphy and Marcelin St. Vrain.
1880 US Census record for the household of Elizabeth Jane Murphy St. Vrain Powell (Remarried a second time and widowed again), although head of the household is listed as her son, William Eugene St. Vrain (24). Also in residence was her daughter, Leona Ann (15), her son Paul Augustus (12), and twinces James Marcellin (9) and Elizabeth Selena (9).
||9 Sep 2014 |
|Born - 14 Oct 1815 - Spanish Lake, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America
|Married - 1840 - St. Vrain Fort, Platteville, Weld, Colorado, United States of America
|Died - 3 Mar 1871 - Center, Ralls, Missouri, United States of America
|Buried - - Salem Cemetery, Center, Ralls, Missouri, United States of America
|| : Address
: Not Set
- History and Biography: http://snowstones.com/snowstones-wp/history/the-life-and-t?ellin-st-vrain
- Biographical Life Account
14 Oct 1815
Marcellin was the youngest child born to Marie Falicite Dubreuil and Jacques Marcellin Ceran de Hault de Lassus de St Vrain in Spanish Lake, Missouri. His father lived only 3 years after his birth.
1830 - 1835
Marcellin graduated from the University of St. Louis. After he had completed his schooling, he traveled to Saint Bent's Fort where he learned how to trap, trade and how to be a wagon master.
Marcellin was given the position of opening and operating Fort St. Vrain, located in the territory of the Arapaho Natives.
In an article written by Author and Historian Diane Goode Benedict, Reverend Goode confirmed that Marcellin St. Vrain was living at the old Fort with two Native American women.
'Later that year, the Rev. W.H. Goode (no relation) reported that "a white man with two squaws and a lot of papooses" was living in old Ft. St. Vrain. Marcellin St. Vrain had married a young Indian girl to solidify his relationship with local tribes and continued to live in the old fort.'
Marcellin married Royal (Various names have been suggested for the woman who was commonly known as 'Rel' and 'Red', including Royal, Red Cloud, Cedar and Spotted Fawn. She is suggested to be Sioux Native America, to be the sister to Chief Red Cloud of the Oglala Sioux and Aunt to Crazy Horse although there is no validation of these relations). Royal was possibly a twin, both sisters having been purchased, as was their custom, by the exchange of horses between her kin and Marcellin. Most probably this marriage occurred to strengthen relations with the people Marcellin traded with.
Unproven family lore suggests that Royal was Marcellin's favourite wife, and that her twin killed herself in jealousy by hanging herself from a cottonwood tree outside the Fort.
Charles St. Vrain (Son of Rel and Marcellin St. Vrain) confirms that he left Bents Fort on the occasion of a native woman hanging herself from the cottonwood trees, however he does not confirm this woman was his Aunt, nor his Father's second wife in his account.
Marcellin returned Bent's Fort after the closing of St. Vrain's Fort once the other local Forts had all closed down. it is unclear if he returned for seasonal stays until the Fort fell into disrepair. He continued to trade and act as a hunter and guide for troops mostly out of Bent's Fort.
Marcellin had another wife during this time who is commonly referred to in historical accounts as 'Big' or 'Tall Pawnee Woman', this is most likely an English translation of her Pawnee name. Together they had two unknown children. Tall Pawnee Woman went to Pueblo at some point during this time. There is no further information on these St. Vrain descendants.
Another account of the abandonment of Fort St. Vrain is completely unsubstantiated, however it was written by Marshall Cook in a manuscript that was donated to the State Historical Society of Colorado in 1932 by Cook's descendant, Mrs. Clingenpeel. The tale was related by Chief Friday of the Arapaho people, who would annually paint himself black at the site of Fort St. Vrain and wail in mourning.
It was Chief Friday's account that the St. Vrain (Marcellin) had originally had a woman and child or children within the Fort during it's prime, and that the Arapaho people discovered that this woman was an enemy of theirs. While the St. Vrain was trading and away from the Fort, a war party entered the Fort and slayed the woman and child. The Arapaho considered justice served, with no thought to their actions being an aggression against the St. Vrain.
Upon the St. Vrain's return he discovered his dead family, and plotted his revenge.
In a mass invitation, the St. Vrain brought all Natives into the Fort for a feast. Upon the people's arrival, he lit pre-oiled fires and with the strength of 75 men, shot dead or burned all who were involved in the deaths of his family, and all of their families.
The bodies were put in the well, burned or buried, and that night Fort St. Vrain was abandoned. When the few who had escaped returned to the Fort for revenge they found it abandoned. Chief Friday's family was among the dead, and he removed their remains to another burial location.
No archaeological evidence of a well, fire or this massacre has been uncovered to this date.
1 Mar 1848
William Bent and Alexander Barclay took Marcellin St. Vrain from St. Vrain's Fort to Missouri, as is independently confirmed in the journal of Alexander Barclay. Two accounts suggest why Marcellin left the Fort.
The first by Alexander Barclay was that Marcellin was apparently ill, and traveled in a closed carriage (Referred to as a Dearborn) for the trip. It is unclean if Marcellin suffered from some sort of mental or physical distress or the nature of his illness.
The second account by Paul Augustus St. Vrain, son of Marcellin that wash published posthumously, that suggests he left the Fort after a wrestling altercation in which a Native American man was killed.
26 Jun 1849
In Missouri Marcellin marries Elizabeth Jane Murphy. They have 10 surviving children, including twins Elizabeth and James born after Marcellin's own death in 1871.
Between 1849 and 1853 according to various sources all attributed to Charles St. Vrain, Marcellin traveled to Mora, New Mexico where Royal or Red was with sons Felix and Charles. He brought both boys to live and be educated in Missouri. Charles St. Vrain recalled riding with his father, while Felix rode behind them, suggesting his age to be around 5 years old, suggesting this move occurred around the time Marcellin married Elizabeth Jane.
Marcellin built, owed and operated the first Flour Mill in St. Louis County up until the time of his death.
Marcellin's daughter by Royal, Mary Louise, visited her Father's farm in Missouri. She would make the trip a second time to see him before his death.
4 Mar 1871
Marcellin dies of an apparently suicide. Although we have no records to confirm his death, the Francis Whittemore Cragin Collection held by the Colorado Springs Pioneers Museum confirms this information.