||Charlotte Roussel |
||Evreux, Eure, Upper Normandy, France
|Filles du Roi
||Participant in the 'Filles du Roi' program, an effort by the government of France to populate New France. The effort recruited an estimated 800 women between the ages of 12 to 25 to relocate to New France, to wed and bare children.|
In order to encourage volunteers, King of France Louis XIV, were provided with a trousseau and travelling expenses were covered. The women were also granted the ability to turn down potential suitors, a choice not often granted to women of any station during that time period.
From Raymond Douville and Jacques-Donat Casanova's book, 'Daily Life in Early Canada' the dowry listing for each woman is as follows:
100 livres (10 for personal and moving expenses, 30 for clothing and 60 for passage)
1 small hope chest in which to put 1 head dress
1 taffeta handkerchief
1 pair of shoe ribbons
100 sewing needles
1 spool of white thread
1 pair of stockings
1 pair of gloves
1 pair of scissors
4 lace braids
They were given 2 livres as spending money.
Upon their arrival in Canada the girls were also given suitable clothing for the elements.
When a marriage was arranged, the newly wed couple was given 50 livres, an oxen, a cow, 2 pigs, a pair of chickens, 2 barrels of salted meat and 11 crowns in cash to begin their new life with.
Les Filles du Roi by Juliana L'Heureux
||The Hedgecoe - McKenna Family Tree
||11 Aug 2014 |
||Pierre Gauthier dit Saguingoria, b. 1629, Echillais, Rochefort, Charente Maritime, Poitou Charentes, France , d. 6 Dec 1703, Lachine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (Age 74 years) |
||12 Nov 1668
||Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
1668 Marriage record for Charlotte Roussel and Pierre Gauthier. Page 1.
1668 Marriage record for Charlotte Roussel and Pierre Gauthier. Page 2.
| ||1. Jean Gauthier dit Saguingoria, c. 28 Sep 1669, Notre Dame Basilica, Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada |
|+||2. Joseph Gauthier dit Saguingoria, c. 20 Mar 1672, Notre Dame Basilica, Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada , d. 4 Apr 1749, L'Ile Bizard Sainte Genevieve, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (Age ~ 77 years)|
| ||3. Jean Baptiste Gauthier dit Saguingoria, c. 28 Jul 1671, Notre Dame Basilica, Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada , d. 3 Feb 1743, L'Ile Bizard Sainte Genevieve, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (Age ~ 71 years)|
| ||4. Anne Gauthier dit Saguingoria, b. 1676, Quebec, Canada |
| ||5. Pierre Gauthier dit Saguingoria, b. 25 Mar 1679, Quebec, Canada |
| ||6. Claude Gauthier dit Saguingoria, b. 15 Apr 1681, Quebec, Canada |
| ||7. Marie Josephte Marguerite Gauthier dit Saguingoria, b. 23 Apr 1684, Quebec, Canada , d. 20 May 1728, Sainte Anne de Bellevue, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (Age 44 years)|
| ||8. Francois Gauthier dit Saguingoria, c. 26 Nov 1686, Saints Anges de Lachine Church, Lachine, Montreal, Quebec, Canada |
||31 Jul 2014 |
- 4-5 Aug 1689 The Lachine Massacre
A part of the Beaver Wars, the Lachine Massacre occurred when 1500 Mohawk warriors staged a surprise attack on the 375 settlers of Lachine, New France. The basis for the attack was the discontent of indigenous peoples with the influx of French people, and was encouraged by New English settlers. Only 3 Mohawk warriors were killed, while 72 French settlers, most of them civilians, lost their lives either as a direct result of the conflict or after it, in captivity. Over 100 prisoners were taken to Iroquois villages and used as slaves, were tortured or executed. Some young children and women were adopted into Native families. Rather than attack the Mohawk, French forces that had initially been sent to defend the settlement were recalled. There were numerous skirmishes that followed but peace negotiations eventually began in early 1690.
The CBC: Lachine Massacre
- Charlotte Roussel and Pierre Gautier dit Saguingoria were captured by the Iroquois during the Lachine Massacre. Pierre survived 10 years of captivity to return to his children, Charlotte did not survive. Her time and place of death are unknown.